Amendment Fourteen: granted citizenship to all persons born or naturalized in the United States—including former slaves—and guaranteed all citizens “equal protection of the laws.”
Summary: Four sections - no amendments applicable. Everyone born or naturalized in the United States or in any place subject to U.S. jurisdiction are citizens of the United States and of the State in which they reside. No State may make any law to alter the privileges or immunities of any citizen of the United States. Neither Indians, (Native Americans), not taxed, nor any male citizens, 21 years of age or older whose federal or state voting rights have been denied or restricted for any reason, other than participation in rebellion or other crime, may be included in the basis population for the purpose of determining the number of representatives allotted to the state. No state shall deprive any person of life, liberty or property without due process of law. Any person who has taken an oath of office to support the Constitution of the United States and has violated that oath through insurrection or rebellion against the United States or given aid or comfort to the enemies of the United States, may not become a Senator or Representative in Congress, elector of President or vice President or hold any office, civil or military, under the united states or under any state. The validity of public debt of the United States, authorized by law, including debts for payment of pensions, bounties and services in suppressing insurrection or rebellion shall not be questioned.
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☆ ☆ ☆Language Amended Out: Nothing has been amended out.
☆ ☆ ☆Ratification date: 7/28/1868
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