Article 3
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Article Three: states that the judicial power of the United States, shall be vested in one Supreme Court, and in such inferior courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish.
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Summary: Has three sections - one amendment applicable. Judicial power of the United States is vested in one Supreme Court. Congress may ordain and establish inferior (lower) courts as they see fit. Federal judges shall hold their offices and be paid for their services so long as they maintain good behavior. Their compensation cannot be reduced during their continuance in office.Treason against the United States consists only of waging war against the United States, siding with their enemies or giving aid and comfort to their enemies. Conviction of treason requires testimony of two witnesses to the same overt act or confession in open court. In all cases involving ambassadors or other public ministers or consuls and any involving a U.S. State the Supreme Court shall have original jurisdiction. In all other cases, noted above, the Supreme Court shall have appellate jurisdiction regarding law and fact. The Congress may make exceptions and regulations regarding the court’s appellate jurisdiction.
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Language Amended Out: The Judicial power of the United States shall not extend to any suit in law or equity against a State by citizens of another State or by any foreign state.
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Ratification date: 12/7/1776
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