Preamble 12/7/1776The Preamble to the Constitution describes the general purpose of the Constitution, but does not, in any way, confer any powers to the government. It is purely a description of the nature of the Constitution, and nothing in the Preamble can be used to define or expand governmental powers.
Article 1 12/7/1776Article One: This is a democratic nation with a functioning legislative branch,which is Congress, complete with a Senate and House of Representatives, and what they do. Said members must be 25-year-old age at minimum, and that the people will democratically elect the members for two years each. The members of the House are divided among the states proportionally, to give more populous states more representatives in the House. The leader of the House is the Speaker of the House, chosen by the members. This article also defines the rules of Senate, the second body of legislature. Again, it establishes some minimum requirements, such as a 30-year-old age minimum to be a Senator. Senators serve for six years each. Each state has two Senators each - regardless of the population. This Section introduces the Vice-President, who is the leader of the Senate (called the President of the Senate) and that the Vice-President does not vote unless there is a tie. We will not have royalty. States must act as a nation bonded, not as individuals.
Article 2 12/7/1776Article Two: Establishes the second of the three branches of government, the Executive. Established the office of the President and the Vice-President, and sets their terms to be four years. Presidents are elected by the Electoral College, whereby each state has one vote for each member of Congress. Certain minimum requirements are established again, such as a 35-year minimum age. Presidents must also be a natural-born citizen of the United States. The President is to be paid a salary, which cannot change, up or down, as long as he in is office.
Article 3 12/7/1776Article Three: states that the judicial power of the United States, shall be vested in one Supreme Court, and in such inferior courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish.
Article 4 12/7/1776Article Four: The citizens of each state shall be entitled to all privileges and immunities afforded the citizens of any of the states.
Article 5 12/7/1776Article Five: Describes the process whereby the Constitution, the nation's frame of government, may be altered - The process to alter the Constitution consists of proposing an amendment or amendments, and subsequent ratification.
Article 6 12/7/1776Article Six: Constitution says that any federal laws that are made according to the Constitution are the supreme laws. That means that state laws that go against federal laws are not valid. Also contains The No Religious Test Clause.
Article 7 12/7/1776Article Seven: The Ratification of the Conventions of nine States, shall be sufficient for the Establishment of this Constitution between the States so ratifying the Same.
Amendment One 12/15/1776Amendment One, Bill of Rights: Congress has no right to promote or prohibit any religion. It has no right to prohibit free speech, the press, and the right of people to peacefully assemble and protest.
Amendment Two 12/15/1776Amendment Two, Bill of Rights: States that the right of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be denied or restricted.
Amendment Three 12/15/1776Amendment Three, Bill of Rights: states that No owner of any house shall be forced to provide room and/or board for any soldier in time of peace, nor in time of war unless prescribed by law.
Amendment Four 12/15/1776Amendment Four, Bill of Rights: States that one’s person, house, papers, or effects may be searched or seized except when presented with a legally issued warrant of probable cause supported by oath or affirmation and providing a description of the place to be searched and the persons or things to be seized.
Amendment Five 12/15/1776Amendment Five, Bill of Rights: Protects you from being held for committing a crime unless you have been indicted correctly by the police. Ever heard - I plead the fifth!?
Amendment Six 12/15/1776Amendment Six, Bill of Rights: Guarantees a citizen a speedy trial, a fair jury, an attorney if the accused person wants one, and the chance to confront the witnesses who is accusing the defendant of a crime, meaning he or she can see who accused them.
Amendment Seven 12/15/1776Amendment Seven, Bill of Rights: Guarantees a jury trial for civil cases in the federal courts. However, this type of case is usually not heard anymore in the federal court system
Amendment Eight 12/15/1776Amendment Eight, Bill of Rights: Safeguards Americans against excessive punishments
Ammendment Nine 12/15/1776Ammendment Nine, Bill of Rights: The rights of the people are not limited to just the rights listed in the Constitution.
Amendment Ten 12/15/1776Amendment Ten, Bill of Rights: says that anything that was not given to the Federal Government and not banned by the Constitution is a power of the states.
Amendment Eleven 2/7/1795Amendment Eleven, The first amendment not in Bill of Rights; Prohibits the federal courts from hearing certain lawsuits against states.
Amendment Twelve 6/15/1804Amendment Twelve: Instead of casting two votes for President, each elector must pick a President AND a Vice President on his or her ballot.
Amendment Thirteen 12/6/1865Amendment Thirteen: abolished slavery and involuntary servitude, except as punishment for a crime.
Amendment Fourteen 7/28/1868Amendment Fourteen: granted citizenship to all persons born or naturalized in the United States—including former slaves—and guaranteed all citizens “equal protection of the laws.”
Amendment Fiveteen 2/3/1870Amendment Fiveteen: granted African American men the right to vote.
Amendment Sixteen 2/3/1913Amendment Sixteen: allows Congress to levy an income tax without apportioning it among the states on the basis of population.
Amendment Seventeen 4/8/1913Amendment Seventeen: Established the popular election of United States Senators by the people of the states.
Amendment Eighteen 1/16/1919Amendment Eighteen: Prohibits the manufacture, transportation and sale of intoxicating liquors.
Amendment Nineteen 08/18/1920Amendment Nineteen: Granted women the right to vote, prohibiting any United States citizen to be denied the right to vote based on sex.
Amendment Twenty 1/23/1933Amendment Twenty: A simple amendment that sets the dates at which federal (United States) government elected offices end. In also defines who succeeds the president if the president dies.
Amendment Twenty-One 3/21/1947Amendment Twenty-One: repealed the Eighteenth Amendment that mandated probibition. We can drink again!
Amendment Twenty-Two 2/27/1951Amendment Twenty-Two: limits the president to only two 4 year terms in office.
Amendment Twenty-Three 3/29/1961Amendment Twenty-Three: The residents of the District (U.S. Capital) are able to vote for President and Vice President.
Amendment Twenty-Four 1/24/1964Amendment Twenty-Four: Abolished the poll tax for all federal elections. A poll tax was a tax of anywhere from one to a few dollars that had to be paid annually by each voter in order to be able to cast a vote.
Amendment Twenty-Five 2/10/1967Amendment Twenty-Five: proposed by Congress and ratified by the states in the aftermath of the assassination of President John F. Kennedy, provides the procedures for replacing the president or vice president in the event of death, removal, resignation, or incapacitation.
Amendment Twenty-Six 07/01/1971Amendment Twenty-Six: U.S. citizens who are 18 years of age or older can vote.
Amendment Twenty-Seven 05/07/1992Amendment Twenty-Seven: No law on changing the salaries of for Senators and Representatives, can take effect until an election of Representatives intervens.